There is a known issue that prevents users from using NumPy scalars (such as `numpy.int32`, `numpy.int64`, `numpy.float32`, or `numpy.float64`) on the left-hand side of a constraint. For example, the following code results in the error `GurobiError: Constraint has no bool value (are you trying "lb <= expr <= ub"?)`:

import numpy as np

import gurobipy as gp

model = gp.Model()

x = model.addVar()

a = np.float64(5)

model.addConstr(a >= x) # error!

This error is a result of Python using the `__ge__` (or `__le__`) method from the appropriate NumPy data class, which is not meant for constructing Gurobi constraint expressions.

Two possible workarounds are:

- Recast the NumPy data structure into a standard Python numeric type like
`int`or`float`. In this case, the last line becomes`model.addConstr(int(a) >= x)`. - Rewrite the constraint so the left-hand side expression begins with a
`Var`or`LinExpr`object. With this workaround, the last line becomes instead`model.addConstr(x <= a)`.

### Further information