User Cuts cut off too much (done after one cut)  Problem with Presolver
OngoingHello,
I am currently working on a project where we try to solve a bilinear program, therefore a nonconvex nonlinear optimization problem. We want to enhance the solution time by creating cutting planes and cutting off NodeRelaxations.
We use a callbackfunction that creates cuts with "cbCut", the cuts cannot cut off feasible solutions, they are only for getting a better bound for the problem.
Now I ran into the following problem: As soon as I create the first cut, the solver stops and says he is optimal with the last found incumbent solution. In the log below the question, we indicate with the ""line, where exacly that one cut was created (it is a maximization problem).
The given optimal solution is not correct, since running the same model without cutting planes gives a better solution (in the example below the actual optimum is: 48367.6685). Our first thought was, that our cut cuts off too much.
But the same issue appeared for nearly all (not all) instances we tried (around 20), that after creating one cutting plane, the solver said he was optimal with the incumbent solution.
After doubletriple checking the logic of our cuts, we tried a few different things and got the following behavior.
 By setting the Parameter model.Params.Presolve = 0, the same cuts do not cut off too much and the solver converges against the correct optimal solution
 By manually adding the calculated cutting planes to the model before solving (addConstr(...)), we made sure that the cuts do not cut off too much
 By setting the Parameter model.Params.LazyConstraints = 1, although we are not using any lazy cuts or constraints anywhere, the same cuts do not cut off too much and the solver converges against the correct optimal solution
We now think that somewhere our cuts and the presolver collide and together create a wrong bound, even if our cuts are correct. Since setting Parameter LazyConstraints = 1 shuts off some presolvingtechniques, all behaviors hint to a problem while presolving.
We didn't start with a MIP but with a nonconvex NLP, but the presolver reformulates and solves our model as a MIP. So backed with our issue behavior we now ask ourselves the question, if it is possible that our generated cuts cut off a MIPNode of the internally reformulated MIP even if the cuts are correct for our NLP and don't cut off any feasible solutions out of the original solution space of the NLP? Do you know if that is possible and might that be the source of our problem?
Sincerely,
Basti Kreuz
Log:
Nodes  Current Node  Objective Bounds  Work
Expl Unexpl  Obj Depth IntInf  Incumbent BestBd Gap  It/Node Time
0 0 48367.6685 0 38 33780.1583 48367.6685 43.2%  0s
H 0 0 38069.126861 48367.6685 27.1%  0s

0 0 48367.6685 0 38 38069.1269 48367.6685 27.1%  4s
Cutting planes:
User: 1
RLT: 30
Explored 1 nodes (949 simplex iterations) in 4.51 seconds
Thread count was 1 (of 4 available processors)
Solution count 3: 38069.1 33780.2 0
Optimal solution found (tolerance 1.00e04)
Best objective 3.806912686091e+04, best bound 3.806912686091e+04, gap 0.0000%
Usercallback calls 276, time in usercallback 4.07 sec

Hi Basti!
Did you set the parameter PreCrush to 1 as explained in the documentation about Model.cbCut()? This is important to make your cuts behave as intended.
Cheers,
Matthias0 
Hi Matthias,
First of all thank you for the quick response!
Since the documentation said: "which would result in your cut being silently ignored" and our issue is not that cuts are not applied, but rather wrong applied, I ignored that at first.
Later I tried setting it to 1 but it didn't change anything, the issue still appeared.
Best regards,
Basti
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