### If you are using Gurobi 10 or later

You can natively multiply two MLinExpr objects together following normal matrix multiplication rules. For example, consider the following constraint:

$$\begin{align} y &= (Ax + b)^\top (Ax + b). \end{align}$$

This can be formulated naturally as follows:

import gurobipy as gp

import numpy as np

m = gp.Model()

x = m.addMVar(3)

y = m.addMVar(1)

A = np.random.rand(4,3)

b = np.random.rand(4)

m.addConstr(y == (A @ x + b) @ (A @ x + b))

### If you are using Gurobi 9.x

In Gurobi 9.x, it was not possible to multiply two MLinExpr objects together to create an MQuadExpr object. The above code would result in `GurobiError: Cannot multiply with an MLinExpr from the left.`

To work around this in version 9.x, define an auxiliary MVar \( z \) equal to \( A x + b \), then set \( y \) equal to the inner product \( z^\top z \):

import gurobipy as gp

from gurobipy import GRB

import numpy as np

m = gp.Model()

x = m.addMVar(3)

y = m.addMVar(1)

z = m.addMVar(4, lb=-GRB.INFINITY)

A = np.random.rand(4,3)

b = np.random.rand(4)

m.addConstr(z == A @ x + b)

m.addConstr(y == z @ z)

**Note:** Gurobi 9.0 introduced the first version of the Python matrix API. The developers are continually working to improve the usability of the matrix API.

### Further information

- How do I pointwise multiply a numpy vector with a (1,) MVar with the matrix-friendly Python API?
- How do I pointwise multiply two MVars with the matrix-friendly Python API?
- How do I multiply an array and a 2-D MVar object using the matrix-friendly Python API?
- How do I pointwise multiply an array and an MVar with the matrix-friendly Python API?

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